training design questions

10 Essential Questions to Ask Before Developing a Training Program

Posted April 29th, 2024

Creating an effective training program is crucial for the development of employees and the overall success of any organisation. However, training designers and consultants are often thrown in at the deep end of learning development by stakeholders that may have a core understanding of a developmental need, but no real awareness of how training programs are best implemented to be effective.

This issue is not the fault of the stakeholder, as it is rarely an area of expertise for them, and their focus is on improvement of their business function. However, it is too easy for a training designer to move straight to ‘solution mode’ without properly establishing the key elements of getting a training program right.

Therefore, before diving into the design and implementation phases, it’s important to ask the right questions. These questions ensure the training not only meets the immediate needs of the organisation but also aligns with long-term goals.

So, after you’ve asked whether training is the best way to resolve the issue at all, here are ten critical questions to consider:

1. What Are the Objectives of the Training Program?

Understanding the purpose of the training is foundational. Are you looking to improve skills, increase knowledge, or change behaviours? Clear objectives help in designing a training program that delivers measurable outcomes. It’s vital to establish specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) objectives to ensure the training achieves its desired effects. This clarity will guide the entire process and ensure that every part of the program contributes to these goals.

2. Who Is the Target Audience?

Knowing who will be participating in the training dictates the level of complexity, the mode of delivery, and even the content itself. Consider the participants’ roles, experience levels, and learning needs. Different groups might require different approaches, for instance, new employees might need more foundational training compared to seasoned staff who might benefit from advanced and specialised courses. Understanding the audience also helps tailor the communication and engagement strategies to maximise effectiveness.

3. What Skills or Knowledge Are Lacking?

Identify the specific gaps that the training aims to fill. This can be done through skills assessments, surveys, or performance reviews. A precise understanding of these gaps ensures the training is relevant and focused. This step often involves direct consultation with managers or supervisors who understand the day-to-day performance issues. It also helps in setting the training intensity and duration to adequately address these gaps without overwhelming the learners.

4. How Will the Training Align with Business Goals?

Training should not be isolated from the business strategy. Aligning the program with the organisation’s goals enhances its relevance and the likelihood of receiving executive support. This alignment ensures that the training contributes directly to the company’s strategic objectives, such as improving productivity, enhancing service quality, or increasing sales. This alignment also facilitates easier buy-in from stakeholders across the organisation, making the training more likely to receive the necessary resources and support.

5. What Is the Expected Impact on Performance?

Define what success looks like for the training program. Establish clear metrics or performance indicators that will be used to measure its effectiveness. This could include improvements in work quality, efficiency, or employee satisfaction. Clear benchmarks help in measuring the return on investment (ROI) of the training initiatives. These metrics should be closely monitored to evaluate the effectiveness of the training continuously and make adjustments as needed.

6. What Delivery Methods Will Be Used?

Decide on the modes of delivery based on the content, audience, and resources available. Will it be instructor-led, online learning, self-paced, or a blend? Each method has its advantages and suitability depending on the training needs. For instance, technical training might benefit from hands-on sessions, while theoretical knowledge could be effectively delivered through e-learning platforms. The work schedules and operational demands will also be a factor in how learning is best provided. The choice of delivery method will significantly affect how well the participants engage with and absorb the training content.

7. What Is the Budget for the Training Program?

The budget influences many aspects of the training, from who will design and deliver it to the resources that can be used and how widely it can be deployed. Ensuring the budget aligns with expectations for the training’s reach and quality is critical. It’s also important to consider costs such as technology, materials, trainers, and potentially lost work time and travel during training sessions. A well-planned budget ensures that the program can be executed without compromising on quality or scope.

8. How Will Participant Engagement Be Ensured?

Engagement is key to effective learning. Plan how to keep learners motivated and connected during the training. Workplace scenarios, interactive elements, and practical exercises can help maintain high levels of engagement. Techniques like group discussions, case studies, and role-playing can also enhance the interactive experience and improve retention rates. Ensuring that the training is engaging and interactive also reduces the likelihood of drop-offs and increases the overall success of the training initiative.

9. What Are the Logistics?

Consider the logistical aspects of delivering the training. This includes scheduling, locations, training materials needed, and technology support. Good logistics planning can significantly affect the smooth running and success of the program. Factors like training venue, time of day, and the duration of the sessions can greatly influence the effectiveness of the training. Proper logistical planning ensures that participants are able to attend and engage in the training without external pressures. There is nothing more frustrating than a great training program that learners struggled to get to, or one they dipped in and out of due to work pressures and distractions.

10. How Will the Training Be Evaluated and Updated?

Finally, decide on the evaluation methods that will be used to assess the training program’s effectiveness. Feedback forms, quizzes, practical assessments, and observation are useful tools. Additionally, plan for regular updates to keep the training relevant as business needs and environments evolve. Continuous improvement based on feedback and changing conditions is crucial for the long-term success of training programs. This iterative process helps ensure that the training remains effective and relevant, adapting to any changes in the organisation’s goals or the external environment. Don’t keep evaluation to the training room, real-world assessment of development improvements is critical. This can be done through observation and close attention to targeted business improvements.

By thoroughly addressing these questions, organisations can develop training programs that are effective, efficient, and aligned with their strategic objectives. This careful planning ensures not only skill development but also enhanced performance and productivity. A well-planned training program becomes an investment in the workforce that yields returns in terms of enhanced skills, better performance, and ultimately, higher employee satisfaction and retention rates.


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